FLOR500, Garden 177 Francisco Menéndez, Militia Leader (1700s) Born a Mandinka in Africa, Francisco Menendez was enslaved and brought to Carolina by the English. He fled to St. Augustine in 1724, but was purchased by a Spanish government official. He was appointed commander of a slave militia in 1726, but it was 1738 before he received his freedom. Two years later, Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose (Fort Mose) was established and Menendez was named captain of its militia. The militia helped defend St. Augustine against an English attack in 1740. He and his family relocated to Cuba after the British assumed control of Florida.
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FLOR500: Garden 177
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Region 3  : Northeast Florida
 
 

GARDEN 177

Francisco Menéndez, Militia Leader

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Francisco Menéndez, Militia Leader

(1700s)

Born a Mandinka in Africa, Francisco Menendez was enslaved and brought to Carolina by the English. He fled to St. Augustine in 1724, but was purchased by a Spanish government official. He was appointed commander of a slave militia in 1726, but it was 1738 before he received his freedom. Two years later, Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose (Fort Mose) was established and Menendez was named captain of its militia. The militia helped defend St. Augustine against an English attack in 1740. He and his family relocated to Cuba after the British assumed control of Florida. 





 




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